Vitamins (i.e. Vitamin A, Vitamin B) and minerals (i.e. silver, gold, fluoride) are both essential components for living a healthy life. It is important to understand how different types of vitamins and minerals differ in chemical composition and biological function. For those wishing to adjust the amount of vitamins and minerals in their diet, it is also important to understand nutritional requirements for both.
Types of vitamins and minerals
Minerals fall into one of two categories: macro and trace. As the names suggest, the body requires large quantities of macro minerals and small quantities of trace minerals. Vitamins also fall into one of two categories: water soluble and fat soluble. The water soluble vitamins are biotin, the four B complex vitamins, vitamin C, folic acid, niacin, and pantothenic acid. Water soluble vitamins don't get stored in the body and are flushed out with liquid waste, which means that they must be restored more frequently. The body can tolerate higher doses of water soluble vitamins. The fat soluble vitamins are known as A, D, E, and K. Fat soluble vitamins are dissolved in the fat cells of the body and stored in the body. Humans are typically not likely to become deficient in fat soluble vitamins. However, these compounds can build to toxic levels within the human body, usually due to over consumption or excessive supplement use.
Chemical composition of vitamins and minerals
Minerals are inorganic compounds, which means that they have a definite chemical composition, while vitamins are organic compounds. The body gets vitamins from plant and animal intake and minerals from water intake and soil exposure. One common method for increasing mineral intake is to drink mineral water or seltzer water, both of which contain naturally-occurring or added minerals.
Biological function of vitamins and minerals
Minerals assist in bone and tooth formation, muscle contraction, blood coagulation, and in balancing acid-alkaline levels in the blood. Minerals also play a critical function in lesser known roles, such as healing wounds and maintaining the ability to taste normally. Vitamins develop red blood cells, release energy from food, assist with blood clotting, and help to maintain healthy hair, skin, and eyes. Vitamins are also necessary for maintaining proper nervous system functioning and preventing deficiency diseases such as anemia and dermatitis. In some instances, vitamins and minerals work together. For example, Vitamin C interacts with calcium in order for calcium to be deposited in teeth. Vitamin D increases phosphorus and calcium quantities in the blood so that minerals are available to harden bones.
Nutritional requirements for vitamins and minerals
The human body requires all vitamin types (A, B, C, D, E, and K) and only some minerals for nutritional health. Just a few of the key minerals that the body requires include magnesium, calcium, iodine, zinc, copper, sodium, iron, chromium, manganese, sulfur, phosphorus, and potassium. Cooking with heat and chemical agents both destroy vitamins very easily. You must take extra precaution while preparing and storing food to ensure that you get the nutrients that you need. In comparison, minerals are indestructible, which means that they aren't susceptible to sunlight or heat chemical reactions. When taking vitamin or mineral supplements or regulating them within your diet, there are some key terms that can be helpful. Recommended Dietary Allowances (RDAs), represent the average daily dietary intake of the vitamins and minerals that a person requires to remain healthy and avoid deficiencies. The scientifically proven values are listed by age and gender. Adequate Intake level (AI) refers to vitamins that do not have an RDA, usually because scientific data isn't available. The Upper Intake level (UL) is the maximum quantity of daily mineral or vitamin dosage that is believed to be safe for the average person. Staying under the UL limit, particularly when taking supplements, minimizes the risk of toxicity. If you ever have questions about vitamins or minerals, talk to a reputable health care provider. You do not want to compromise your health by overdosing on a vitamin or taking a mineral supplement that reacts negatively with a prescription medication. Contact Hey Mr. Vitamin today to purchase your total health supplements. To learn more about our products, call us today at (806) 640-2090 or Contact Us
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